Pros and cons of scientific development

Pros and cons of scientific development

The pros and cons of scientific development, the impact of scientific development on life, the negatives of scientific progress in medicine, the negatives of science without ethics, the dangers of scientific development to the individual and society, and tips to reduce the excessive use of science We cannot imagine our lives without science, progress, and development. The technology that we have reached is amazing, but we cannot deny at the same time that science is a double-edged sword that has its positives and negatives that cannot be turned a blind eye to, so follow the article with us to learn about the most important pros and cons of scientific development.

Pros and cons of scientific development

In the beginning, we review the innumerable advantages of scientific development for the individual and society, which are as follows:

  • Facilitating the process of social communication: Technology has brought the distances between individuals closer and facilitated communication between them. Long distances no longer hinder us when we want to communicate with someone through voice calls or video calls, in addition to social networking sites that allow communication in addition to knowing different news around the world.
  • Providing new job opportunities: A large number of jobs have been created in various fields, in addition to remote work opportunities where you can practice your work from home. A new concept called e-commerce has emerged, which means entering the money market remotely and reaping huge profits.
  • Saving time and effort: There is no doubt that the most important benefit of technology lies in saving the time needed to perform various jobs. The process of moving from city to city used to take an old day, while we do not need it at the present time and with the use of modern means of transportation for more than an hour, in addition to providing comfort during travel, and saving time and effort in various household chores such as laundry, This is in addition to saving time in factories due to the use of machines.
  • Ease of science and learning: There is no doubt that modern technology and modern means of learning have contributed a lot to the spread of various sciences and ease of access to them, as we can now affiliate with distant universities and follow various lessons without the need to travel, and we can easily access various researches by using the Internet.

There are many negatives that resulted from the entry of technological development into human life, and the most important of these negatives are the following:

  • Reducing direct human contact due to people resorting to the use of remote communication technologies, including social networking sites.
  • Increasing water and air pollution and negatively affecting human health; as a result of the fumes rising from the factories.
  • Manufacturing some types of advanced weapons that increase human lives.
  • Increased isolation of people and lack of contact with others as a result of addiction to video games and various websites.

The impact of scientific development on life

  • Science has contributed to radically changing the form of life on the planet, starting with the population, the way they work, the means of transportation and communication they use, the nature of their housing, their food, and ending with the quality of life they enjoy.
  • According to a study conducted by the Pew Research Center, 73% of the population believes that science has changed the way people live in a positive way, while 3% of them believe that it had a negative impact, The rest believe that science is a double-edged sword, as in the end it has resulted in a group of negative and positive changes in patterns and quality of life.

Disadvantages of scientific progress in medicine

Despite the many benefits of technology in various fields of life and the medical field in particular, there are some negatives that are described below, with reference to the possibility of finding solutions to some of them:

  • Increased cost: The cost of most procedures has increased as a result of various advances in medical technology. You may think that with online consultations and the lack of the need to occupy the place in the waiting room at the doctor’s office, you deserve a discount, but in reality most procedures and even simple consultations have become High cost.
  • Abstract Medical Care: With physicians relying more on the Internet to contact and monitor their patients, the number of misdiagnoses seems to be increasing. Therefore, the need to consult a doctor in person remains, because a close physical examination can help to better detect the underlying health problem.
  • Advanced treatment: It is true that several advanced treatments are now possible due to advances in medical technology, but there is still a long way to go to find effective and safe treatments for a large number of diseases. The doctor must ensure continuous follow-up of developments in his field of specialization, including training in the use of new equipment or new treatment methods.
Cons of science without ethics
  • In the absence of morals, science becomes a weapon for spreading errors. Although social media accounts such as “EfsicoGoogle” have contributed to exposing the truth of terrible studies by ridiculing them and drawing attention to them, the fact that there are many of them is a matter of concern. More generally, the scientific community must address this problem, and publishers and journals must take it more seriously.
  • The practice of science that seeks to prove the superiority or inferiority of certain groups of people is fraught with errors and biases, which become especially harmful when science is used as a tool to justify them. We must not allow science to become a weapon in the hands of ideologists to spread their beliefs to others.
  • Nor should science be used carelessly to judge one group of people as inferior to another. Moreover, we should not use it to cause pain or harm to innocent people or to measure the value of some compared to others. Science should never be manipulated to support people who do politics.

The dangers of scientific development for the individual and society

  • Scientific progress has become frightening and threatens the fate of humanity. Scientists want to pursue progress and discovery at all costs, even if this causes a huge amount of war and disaster. This is what made them invent nuclear weapons, which caused many disasters such as the Hiroshima and Nagasaki disasters, and the Three Mile Island accident. nuclear weapons, and experiments on animals, which could completely destroy the natural world.
  • Perhaps the immorality and dangers of scientific development that we are talking about are evident in psychology studies in the middle of the twentieth century, when these experiments violated human rights horribly, and despite this, they had justifications for what they were doing, This is the danger, that science and the ways to advance it become outside of control, which makes us walk on a path that can lead to the annihilation and demise of humanity.
  • For example, one of the most famous of these experiments took place in the sixties, carried out by a doctor named Loretta Bender at Creedmore Hospital in New York, where she subjected young children to electric shock therapy. The youngest of these children was only three years old.